Bladder Cancer Prognosis
Bladder Cancer Prognosis - Life Expectancy For Each Stage Of The Cancer
The prognosis of bladder cancer will differ from one patient to the next. The variables that can affect bladder cancer prognosis are the grade of the cancerous tumor, the stage when the cancer is diagnosed, the age of the patient, and the overall health of the one diagnosed with the diseases. Bladder cancer killed more than 15,000 people in the United States alone in 2012. More than 70,000 people are diagnosed with it every year. The global figures for the disease could make the picture grimmer. But there is good news too. Thanks to the advancement in medicine there are now many treatment options for bladder cancer and this is significantly improving the survival rates of people diagnosed with bladder cancer.
All About The Bladder
The bladder is a pouch-like organ that stores urine inside the body. It is connected from the kidney via the ureters. The bladder then ejects the urine when it is full through the urethra that leads to the vagina or the penis. The bladder has three distinct layers. Bladder cancer staging is very particular on these layers. The bladder has the inner layer, the middle layer made up of muscles (this squeezes the bladder empty during urination) and then the outer layer that consist of fibrous tissues. As the cancer progresses, the malignant growth breaches these layers. It breaks through the organ and start infecting neighboring tissues.
The Figures in Bladder Cancer Prognosis
Bladder cancer survival statistics are usually based on 5-year and 10-year projections. This does not mean that when you have a 5-year prognosis of the disease that you only have 5 more years to live. It only means that people with the same stage as you are in right now are still alive 5 years down the road. That should give you reasons to take it easy and just live the best way you can with the cancer. Life is not over after diagnosis and even when you know about the prognosis of your cancer. These numbers are just an attempt to quantify odds and should not be taken as a fixed figure.
Bladder Cancer Prognosis By Stage (5-Year Projection)
- Stage 1 bladder cancer prognosis is at 88-98%. This simply means that you have a very good chance to beat the cancer after undergoing treatment. Stage 1 is also called carcinoma in situ which means the cancer cells in the body are only situated in the upper surface of the lining of your bladder and have not affected a lot of area in the organ nor it has firmly placed itself in, good news for doctors as treatment can prove to be not as challenging.
- Stage 2 bladder cancer prognosis is at 63%. You still have a good chance to beat the cancer and with timely diagnosis and successful intervention, you can still live a good life. This stage means that the cancer already reached the muscle layer of the bladder which makes it harder to uproot compared to the previous stage.
- Stage 3 bladder cancer prognosis is at 46%. This is a significant drop from stage 1 prognosis figures however the possibility to survive the cancer is still high. The key here is to secure the best treatment plan you can have for the cancer. A combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and other treatment approaches can give you all the fighting chance you need to live.
- Stage 4 bladder cancer prognosis is at 15%. The metastatic bladder cancer prognosis is the lowest among the rest because at this stage the cancer is not just localized in the bladder but has reached nearby organs like the liver and prostate (ovaries for women). Ridding the body with the cancer is harder. The fight for survival at this stage is long and hard but by no means hopeless. Longer cycles with chemotherapy together with radiation can help address the cancer in a wider scale inside the body. Last stage bladder cancer also means that the fight against cancer is fought on many different locations in the body. Targeted treatments might not be a practical means to neutralize the cancer.
The prognosis for bladder cancer should not dictate your level of optimism in your life. Many have lived through the cancer even on its last stages with minimal discomfort. Cancer treatment might have many side effects but there are also means to control these making sure that you can get back to the living trouble-free.